HDU 1358 Period(KMP+求某个前缀含几个循环)

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Time Limit: 2000/1000 MS (Java/Others)    Memory Limit: 65536/32768 K (Java/Others)
Total Submission(s): 7903    Accepted Submission(s): 3794

Problem Description
For each prefix of a given string S with N characters (each character has an ASCII code between 97 and 126, inclusive), we want to know whether the prefix is a periodic string. That is, for each i (2 <= i <= N) we want to know the largest K > 1 (if there is one) such that the prefix of S with length i can be written as AK , that is A concatenated K times, for some string A. Of course, we also want to know the period K.

The input file consists of several test cases. Each test case consists of two lines. The first one contains N (2 <= N <= 1 000 000) – the size of the string S. The second line contains the string S. The input file ends with a line, having the number zero on it.

For each test case, output “Test case #” and the consecutive test case number on a single line; then, for each prefix with length i that has a period K > 1, output the prefix size i and the period K separated by a single space; the prefix sizes must be in increasing order. Print a blank line after each test case.

Sample Input

Sample Output
Test case #12 23 3Test case #22 26 29 312 4


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#include<stdio.h>#include<cstring>char b[1000001];int p[1000001];int m;void get(){p[1] = 0;int i,j=0;for(i=2;i<=m;i++){while(j > 0 && b[j+1] != b[i]){j = p[j];}if(b[j+1] == b[i]){j += 1; }p[i] = j;} }   int main() { int cases = 1; while(scanf("%d",&m),m) { scanf("%s",b+1); printf("Test case #%d\n",cases++); get(); for(int i = 2; i <= m; i++) { if(i%(i-p[i])==0&&p[i]!=0)    //i个前缀含几个循环 { printf("%d %d\n",i,i/(i-p[i])); }    }    puts(""); } }  

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